Bipolar Affective disorder is a psychological effect in which a patient suffers from mood swings, these mood swings will take the form of some aggressive behavior or mania. It’s one of the top causes of disability worldwide.
The episodes of bipolar affective disorder usually last for several months at a time. Besides mania, there is a less severe form of this disorder called hypomania, which usually possesses the same symptoms with less severity. Check the bipolar psychiatrist near me.
It’s hard to identify the symptoms of this disorder but some of the typical symptoms of Bipolar disorders are episodes of mania and anxiety.
The symptoms of a depressive form of bipolar disorder are:
- Mood swing
- Low energy
- Lack of concentration
- An eating disorder like Anorexia
- Lack of sleep
- A feeling of guilt
While Bipolar affective disorder possess symptoms of mood swings so the manic form of this disorder have different symptoms like;
- An elevated mood
- Feeling more energy
- Lack of sleep
- Elevated self-esteem
- Talking excessively
These were some of the symptoms associated with bipolar affective disorder
Reasons Behind Bipolar affective disorder:
The reasons behind bipolar affective disorder are still unknown but some of the external and internal factors may increase the risk factor of this disorder. Below are some of the possible reasons behind Bipolar affective Disorder.
One of the most common causes of this disorder is genetics, around 80% of the patients with the bipolar affective disorder have a genetic history of this disorder.
There is room for more research in this area but some studies suggest that there is a probability of 10% of Bipolar disorder occurring in the child if one parent has the symptoms and 40% chances if both parents have bipolar disorder.
Some observations regarding neuroanatomy suggest that a person with bipolar affective disorder has a diminishing prefrontal cortex. The changes also occur in the cingulate cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus. All these parts of the brain are responsible for controlling the emotional and behavioral factors of the body.
The external factors also influence bipolar disorder. Stressful situations and life events such as trouble in relationships and professional life, or some domestic disputes may be the reason to enhance the stress hormones which throws the person into a depressive and manic state.
Physical illness may not be responsible for initiating bipolar disorder but it can indirectly change the mood of the person which leads to mania, anxiety, or panic.
Lack of Sleep:
Some researchers suggest that there is a link between the lack of sleep or sleep-wake cycle problems which are subject to trigger mania and anxiety. It revolves around the fact that sleep loss leads to mania while the fear of losing sleep causes anxiety and distress.
Usage of Drugs:
Some drugs can cause Bipolar affective disorder, Usually, patients suffering from anxiety and depression may use antidepressants. Studies show that some anti-depressants are subject to induce manic episodes in some people.
Besides antidepressants, there are some drugs like cocaine, ecstasy which are also responsible for initiating these episodes. There is some evidence that medications that affect the endocrine system also trigger bipolar disorder.
Treatment of Bipolar affective Disorder:
Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Cleveland revolves around understanding the symptoms of the patient and helping to reduce the severity of the disorder. There are two ways of treatment of this disorder which are listed below:
The medications used to treat Bipolar affective disorder mainly consist of antidepressants. Physicians prescribed these medications to effectively control the mania.
Besides antidepressants, they also use a mood stabilizer like lithium. There are other medications to relieve stress and anxiety and manage the sleep cycle.
The coordination between the physician and patient is obligatory to ensure the effectiveness of medications because the long-term medication brought some side effects.
Psychotherapies help to reduce the effects of Bipolar affective Disorder to a greater extent. The most effective therapy treatment is Cognitive Behaviour therapy.
Through cognitive behavior therapy, an individual can learn the key steps which can help him to manage his stress and mania. Before managing, there is a need to identify the factors which induce the stress hormones.
So identifying the early symptoms of the episodes of the disorder and taking effective steps to reduce the severity of this disorder is the foundation of treatment.
After identifying the factors the next step is to set a routine that will eventually help you to maintain a stable mood for a longer period.
There is an importance of social coordination to effectively treat this disorder. Your parents, teachers, friends, and siblings can help you to overcome the severity of the mania, anxiety, and depression.
These steps are not only helpful in treating the minor symptoms of mania but are also very effective in controlling some adverse effects of Bipolar Affective Disorder.
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